Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
Pre-diabetes has no signs or symptoms, making it difficult to detect. It is a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, such as heart disease and stroke. Pre-diabetes affects about 16% of adults in Australia.
Who is at risk of pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes usually occurs in adults but younger people can also develop this condition. Risk factors for pre-diabetes are the same as those for type 2 diabetes. These include:
having a family history of type 2 diabetes
being above the healthy weight range
having an inactive lifestyle
being from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background
having gestational diabetes during pregnancy
having polycystic ovary syndrome.
People who have pre-diabetes can delay and, in some cases, prevent the development of type 2 diabetes by following a healthy lifestyle. This includes regular physical activity, making healthy food choices and maintaining a healthy weight.
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